A: GAM application during monitoring is only mandatory at the end of the project. However, it is recommended to apply it at least once during implementation to identify areas where improvements can be made. The monitoring GAM should only be applied after project implementation has been underway for at least 3 months of implementation have elapsed. Very short projects (3 months or less) may choose to only apply it on completion.
Project holders/implementing partners are the only people who should apply the GAM to their project. While OCHA, donors and others may spot check GAM and GEM results for consistency or validation during monitoring exercises, only project holders have the depth of knowledge to answer the questions in the GAM.